The Black Panther Raid and the death of Fred Hampton
With sunrise more than an hour away, eight police officers from the Cook
County state's attorney's office crept to the front of a tattered two flat on
Chicago's West Side. Another six officers were at the back door. Inside, nine
people slept in the first floor apartment, where 19 guns and more than 1,000
rounds of ammunition were stored. This apartment, at 2337 W. Monroe St., was a
stronghold of the Illinois Black Panther Party, a branch of a national group
known for revolutionary politics and for killing cops. Daniel Groth knocked on
the front door. When there was no answer, he knocked with his gun. The next
seven minutes of gunfire became one of the most hotly disputed incidents of the
turbulent 1960s. After the shooting stopped, Illinois Black Panther leader Fred
Hampton, 21, and a party leader from Peoria, Mark Clark, 22, were dead.
Racial tensions, police suspicion and the Panthers' radical politics had
already proved a volatile combination. Founded in 1966, the party quickly
became a menacing, yet romanticized, force. In the two years before the raid,
police and Panthers had engaged in eight gun battles nationally, in which three
police officers and five Panthers died. Four of the shootouts, including one in
which two police officers were killed, occurred in Chicago.
In Women's Zack Martin Jersey the angry
controversy after the raid, police maintained they were justified in opening
fire, but the Panthers saw the raid as a pretext for killing Hampton.
The Tribune became part of the uproar when it published a photograph showing
holes in a door jamb that it identified as coming from bullets fired from
inside the apartment. They Demarcus Lawrence Authentic
Jersey proved to be nail heads.
Months later, a federal investigation showed that only one shot was fired by
the Panthers, although that number remained in dispute. Police fired 82 to 99
The raid ended the promising political career of Cook County State's Atty.
Edward V. Hanrahan, who was indicted but cleared with 13 other law enforcement
agents on charges of obstructing justice. Bernard Carey, a Republican, defeated
him in the next election, in part because of the support of outraged black