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Forum Index > Softwood and hardwood stem cuttings

hemm217 4 years ago
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Softwood and hardwood stem cuttings are a common way to propagate shrubs and perennials. Take a 3 to 5 inch cutting of a stem or young branch, remove the lower leaves until only four are left, snip off the top inch of the cutting and any flower buds and insert the lower third into a growing medium. Propagators often use mixtures of peat moss, sand and perlite in equal parts to root cuttings. Cover the pot or container with a plastic bag to retain humidity, but don't close the bag. Set the cuttings in a shady spot, such as the north side of a house, and keep the medium moist but not wet. Plants such as African violets (Saintpaulia ionantha) and begonias (Begonia semperflorens) are commonly done this way. For violets, detach a leaf from the plant, keeping about 1 inch of stem and insert the stem into the growing medium. The plant will form a new plant at the base of the leaf. When the tiny plant has its own root, cut it from the leaf and plant it. Splitting the veins of a leaf works well for begonias. Detach a leaf and cut short slits across its veins. Lay the leaf, lower side down, on the medium, using pins to hold it down. New plants will form at each cut. is the process of cutting a clump of mature plants into smaller parts and planting them separately. It's the way home gardeners propagate and share many familiar perennials. Plants such as hostas (Hosta plataginea), irises (Iris spp.), peonies (Paeonia spp.) and daylilies (Hemerocallis) can be dug up and separated either by hand or with a knife into smaller pieces with their own roots or bud eyes. Dusting the cut surfaces with sulfur or a fungicide helps prevent rot. The easiest way to layer a plant is to bend a lower hanging cheap jerseys china stem to the ground and cover the lower part of the stem with soil. Wounding that portion of the stem with a fingernail often helps roots to start forming. Lay a rock on the stem or use a garden staple to keep it in contact with the ground. Keep the soil moist, and new roots should form in a month or so. Common plants that root readily when layered include forsythias (Forsythia spp.), azaleas (Rhododendron spp.) and climbing roses (Rosa spp.). Some plants, such wholesale jerseys as strawberries, multiply naturally by layering, creating new plants where their stems touch the ground.

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