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Terrell Suggs Womens Jersey

Terrell Suggs Womens Jersey
terrell-suggs-womens-jersey

ACTIONS AND USES The gum is bitter. acrid. astringent; thermogenic Terrell Suggs Ravens Jersey , aromatic, expectorant, digestive, carminative, anthelmintic, anti-inflammatory, anodyne, depurative, vulnerary, antiseptic, nervine tonic, demulcent, diaphoretic, aphrodisiac, alterative, stimulant, liver tonic, detergent, antispasmodic, emmenagogue, haematinic, diuretic, rejuvenating, uterine stimulant and general tonic. It is useful in rheumatoid arthritis, gout, sciatica. facial paralysis, hemiplegia, neuralgic pains, diplegia, scrofula, leprosy and allied skin disorders, leucoderma, worm infestations, haemorrhoids, dyspepsia, flatulence, tubercular peritonitis, chronic colitis, diarrhoea, tubercular ulceration of bowels, gastric dialatation and atony of walls of stomach, nasal cattarh, cough, laryngitis, bronchitis, asthma, pulmonary Koch's, pneumonia, whooping cough, pectoral and hepatic disorders, ottorrhoea, epilepsy, fever, pyelitis, cystitis Terrell Suggs Kids Jersey , urinary calculi, dysuria, dysmenorrhoea, amenorrhoea, leucorrhoea, menorrhagia, wounds. ulcers, cardiac disorders, coronary thrombosis, anaemia. It is used as lotion for indolent ulcers and wounds and as gargle in dental caries. weak and spongy gums.

Pharmacognosy

The bark is characterised by the presence of silvery, paper like brownish bark peelings. In young branches the bark is green below the epidermal peelings due to chloroplast. Drug occurs in vermicular or stalactitic pieces of pale yellow or brown coloured mass; makes milky emulsion in hot water and readily burns; when fresh viscid and golden coloured; odour aromatic; taste bitter and astringent. The gum oleo resin is located in gum oleo- resin ducts in the parenchymatous bark as slightly yellowish milky juice. The gum oleoresin ducts are almost circular and are scattered throughout the bark. In longitudinal section the ducts appear as branched tubular structures.

PHYSICAL CONSTANTS

Foreign matter - Not more than 4%;

Total ash - Not more than 5.575%;

Acid insoluble ash - Not more than 3.346%;

Alcohol soluble extractive - Not less than 39.49%;

Water soluble extractive - Not less than 48.420%;

Volatile oil - Not less than 1%.

Chemical Constituents

Quercetin, its 3-O- -L-arabinoside-, 3-O--D-galactoside-, 3-O--rhamnoside- and 3-0--D-glucoronide. ellagic acid and pelargonidin 3. 5-di-O-glucoside (flowers): linoleic, oleic, palmitic and stearic acids, campesterol. cholesterol. -sitosterol, stigmasterol and - spinasterol (seed oil): myrcene, dimyrcene (comphorene), polymyrcene and caryophyllene (essential oil); lignans. sesamin, pluviatilol, guggullignans I and II, myricyl alcohol, sitosterol, series of long chain polyol esters derived from homologous tetrols (guggultetrols) and ferulic acid (D-xylo-guggultetrol- 16 to 22 ferulate), monocyclic diterpenoids, viz., - camphorene, cembrene, cembrene A, 2-hydroxy- 4, 8, 12- trimethyl- l - isopropyl- 3, 7, 11- cyclodecatriene (mukulol; allylcembrol), cholesterol, three C-27 guggulsterols I, II and III and several pregnane derivaties, Z-guggulsterol, guggulsterol VI, two hypolipaemic agents, viz., Z- and E- guggulsterones (4, 17(20) - pregnadien- 3, 16- diones), 20 - and 20 - hydroxy- 4- pregnen- 3- one, 16 - hydroxy- 4, 17 (20) Z-pregnadien- 3- one and 16 - hydroxy- 4- pregnen- 3- one, some aliphatic tetrols- octadecan-1, 2, 3, 4-tetrol, eicosan, 1, 2 Terrell Suggs Womens Jersey , 3, 4- tetrol and non-adecan1, 2, 3, 4- tetrol (gum resin); Z- guggulsterone (oleoresin); allylcembrol, amino acids, viz., alanine, arginine, aspartic acid, cystine, glutamic acid, histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, proline, serine, threonine, tryptophan, tyrosine and valine (plant).

Pharmacological Activities

Hypolipidaemic, antibacterial, atherosclerotic, anthelmintic, anti-arthritic, antiviral, Ca2+ antagonist activity, anti-inflammatory, anti-rheumatic, hypocholestremic, hypolipaemic, antifertility; increases serum cholesterol fibrinolytic activity.

Toxicology

LD50 of essential oil was 705 mgkg after i. p. administration and 1669 mgkg after oral administration. i.p. doses of 400 and 600 mgkg neither induced any behavioral changes nor showed any CNS effects.

Fractions A, B, C, D (petroleum-ether soluble, neutral chloroform soluble and insoluble) of Gum Guggulu produced no toxicity on chicks in doses of 5 to 20 mgkg, p.o.

Formulations and Preparations

Yogaraja guggulu, Kaishore guggulu, Chandraprabha vati, Punarnava guggulu, Gokshuradi guggulu, Trayodashanga guggulu, Triphala guggulu, Laksha guggulu, Vyoshadi guggulu, Vatari guggulu. Saptavinshati guggulu, Shimhanada guggulu, Kanchanara guggulu.

Trade and Commerce

Retail market price-- Gum oleo resin - Rs. 860- per kg

Substitutes and Adulterants

The gum resin of Commiphora wightii (Arn.) Bhand. is a common adulterant to myrrh or herbal myrrh of commerce which is derived from Commiphora myrrh (Ness) Engl. The Indian adulterant of gum resin of Commiphora wightii (Arn.). Bhand, are the gums of Boswellia serrata Roxb. ex Colebr. and Hymenodictyon excelsum (Roxb.) Wall. Both species occur in arid zones along hilly regions. However adulteration of gum of Boswellia serrata is more common in Indian market as colour and smell of the gum resin resemble to each other after solidification. There are two other species of Commiphora, C. roxburghii (Arn.) Engl. and C. opobalsamum (Linn.) Engl. which also yield 700 gm to 1.0 kg of gum guggulu collected in cold season. Gum resin is often mixtured or adulterated with resin yielding plants.

And Cultivation

The plant grows wild in the arid, rocky tracts, also in coastal areas on sandy and sandy loam soils. The climate required is typically semi-arid, characterised by aridity of the atmosphere and extremity of temperature both in the summer and winter with average rainfall 356 mm from July to September. The pH of soil may var

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